What’s the difference between Flutter and React?

What’s the difference between Flutter and React?

Flutter vs. React: Navigating the Crossroads of Mobile App Development

In the ever-evolving landscape of mobile app development, choosing the right framework can be a pivotal decision. Flutter and React Native stand out as powerful contenders, each with its strengths and characteristics. As we delve into the intricacies of mobile app development, let’s explore the differences between Flutter and React, shedding light on their unique features and capabilities.

1. Framework Origins:

  • Flutter:
    • Developed by Google, Flutter is an open-source UI software development toolkit.
    • First released in 2017, it has gained popularity for its ability to create natively compiled applications for mobile, web, and desktop from a single codebase.
  • React Native:
    • Created by Facebook, React Native is a JavaScript framework for building natively rendered applications for mobile platforms.
    • Released in 2015, React Native has become a widely adopted choice for building cross-platform mobile apps.

2. Programming Language:

  • Flutter:
    • Dart is the programming language used in Flutter.
    • Dart is compiled to native code, providing high performance and smooth animations.
  • React Native:
    • JavaScript and React are used in React Native.
    • JavaScript is executed in a JavaScript engine, and the framework communicates with native modules through a bridge.

3. User Interface (UI) Components:

  • Flutter:
    • Flutter uses a widget-based architecture, where everything is a widget.
    • It provides a rich set of customizable widgets, enabling a consistent and expressive UI.
  • React Native:
    • React Native relies on native components.
    • It uses JavaScript to interact with native modules, allowing developers to use native UI components for each platform.

4. Performance:

  • Flutter:
    • Dart’s ahead-of-time (AOT) compilation contributes to excellent performance.
    • Flutter apps often exhibit smooth animations and fast execution.
  • React Native:
    • JavaScript is interpreted at runtime, impacting performance.
    • While React Native has made performance improvements, Flutter’s AOT compilation often results in better performance.

5. Community and Ecosystem:

  • Flutter:
    • The Flutter community is growing steadily, with a focus on a unified experience across platforms.
    • Dart’s ecosystem is smaller compared to JavaScript’s, but it continues to expand.
  • React Native:
    • React Native boasts a large and active community.
    • The extensive JavaScript ecosystem, including npm packages, enhances React Native’s flexibility.

6. Learning Curve:

  • Flutter:
    • Dart may have a learning curve for developers unfamiliar with the language.
    • However, Flutter’s widget-based approach simplifies UI development.
  • React Native:
    • Developers familiar with JavaScript and React can transition smoothly to React Native.
    • The component-based structure aligns with React principles.


Choosing between Flutter and React Native hinges on factors such as preferred programming language, performance requirements, and community support. In the dynamic realm of mobile app development, both frameworks offer compelling solutions, allowing developers to create high-quality cross-platform applications. The decision ultimately rests on the specific needs and preferences of the development team and the project at hand.


  1. “Flutter – Beautiful native apps in record time” – Flutter
  2. “React Native – A framework for building native apps using React” – React Native
  3. “Dart Programming Language” – Dart
  4. “React – A JavaScript library for building user interfaces” – React
  5. “Flutter vs. React Native: A Comparison Guide” – RayWenderlich
  6. “React Native vs Flutter: What to Choose in 2023?” – Cleveroad
  7. “Performance Comparison: Flutter vs React Native” – MindInventory
  8. “React Native vs Flutter: Which is the best?” – Miquido
  9. “Flutter vs React Native: What’s best for your app?” – AltexSoft